Individuals diagnosed with diabetes need to have their feet inspected by a podiatrist at least once a year, and more frequently if they are experiencing trouble managing their diabetes. Many times, a podiatrist is the first to see signs of diabetes, and can make the appropriate referral for diagnosis and management. Diabetes will often affect a patient’s ability to heal from a seemingly insignificant injury, and in the foot this can have devastating consequences.
Treatment options include checking the feet top and bottom for ulcers, callus, deformity, and sensation or vascular changes. Ingrown or infected nails require professional care and self treatment of many diabetic foot conditions should be considered hazardous. Shoes should be evaluated for proper fit, and prescription shoe gear with insoles can recommended where appropriate. Proper management of diabetes is crucial to avoiding the complications that are so often seen diabetic feet.